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Thread: Hazrat Ali radi Allahu accepted Hazrat Abu Bakr radi Allahu anhu as the Caliph

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    Super Moderator Altaf Sultani's Avatar
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    Default Hazrat Ali radi Allahu accepted Hazrat Abu Bakr radi Allahu anhu as the Caliph

    HAZRAT ALI (RADI ALLAHU ANHU) WILLINGLY ACCEPTED HAZRAT ABU BAKR SIDDIQUE (RADI ALLAHU ANHU) AS THE CALIPH

    The Shias say that as Hazrat Ali (radi Allahu anhu) was busy with the preparations for the funeral of Sayyiduna Rasulullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam), the three Khalifas convened most of the Sahaba and made Hazrat Abu Bakr (radi Allahu anhu) the Khalifa. Hazrat Ali (radi Allahu anhu) heard about this, but he thought that it would be futile to fight because he had a few men and he did not want the good people to die. The Shias say that that in some instances Sayyiduna Rasulullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) did not fight with the Kuffar, and that even Almighty Allah did not punish His enemies, so for Hazrat Ali (radi Allahu anhu) not fighting with Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddique (radi Allahu anhu) was correct. This is what the Shias believe.
    It is our Sunni Belief that: By Hazrat Ali (radi Allahu anhu) not fighting Hazrat Abu Bakr (radi Allahu anhu) and obeying him, shows that Hazrat Abu Bakr (radi Allahu anhu) was the rightly-guided Khalifa. This fact cannot be refuted or denied by making a comparison of it to Rasullulah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallaam) not fighting against the disbelievers or the Quraish or Almighty Allah delaying the killing of His enemies such as Pharaoh, Sheddad and Nimrod. Almighty Allah and Rasullulah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) always reproved these enemies. They stated that these enemies were always evil and base. How can those people be examples for this case? Where is the similarity? The Shias, seeing that it would be futile to deny the fact that there are numerous evidence and reports stating that Hazrat Ali (radi Allahu anhu) accepted Hazrat Abu Bakr's (radi Allahu anhu) caliphate, changed their course and say that Hazrat Ali (radi Allahu anhu) accepted it unwillingly in order to act toward the situation. They cannot find a better way to prove that Hazrat Abu Bakr's (radi Allahu anhu) caliphate was unjust. They cannot find another way to resolve the dilemma they have driven themselves into. We shall once again prove from most reliable sources that it would be impossible to degrade Hazrat Ali (radi Allahu anhu) to the contemptible state of having committed a wrong deed in order to act toward the situation because of the overpowering conditions.

    When Sayyiduna Rasullulah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) passed away, the Ashaab-i-Kiraam (radi Allahu anhum ajma'in) set about the election of the Khalifa before beginning the procedures of funeral. They considered it their primary duty to find the leader or president for the believers. When the people heard that Sayyiduna Rasulullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) passed away, they became so sad that they were at a loss as to what to do. Somebody was needed to bandage this very serious wound of the people and to diminish the severe pain. Hazrat Abu Bakr (radi Allahu anhu), in a serene manner, gathered the Ashaab-i-Kiraam (radi Allahu anhum ajma'in) and said aloud: "O thou, the blessed companions of the Prophet! If anyone here is worshipping Muhammad (sallal laahu alaihi waslalm), let him know that he is dead. And whoever is worshipping Allahu Ta'ala should know that He is always Alive. He will never die!" The rest of his speech was equally effective.

    When he heard that the Ansar had come together in order to elect the Khalifa from among themselves, he went to their meeting place taking Hazrat Abu Ubayda (radi Allahu anhu) and Hazrat Umar (radi Allahu anhu) along. He said to them, "I have heard that you have been having elections to perform and execute the Commandments of Allah Ta'ala. Think and search! The Khalifa is to be from the Quraish (tribe)." Then pointing to Hazrat Abu Ubayda and Hazrat Umar (radi Allahu anhuma), he added, "Elect one of these people." Upon this, Hazrat Umar (radi Allahu anhu) said, "You are the Khalifa, O Abu Bakr," holding out his hand to him. All the Ansar umanimously agreed to this caliphate.

    The following day he went to the mosque and mounted the mimbar. He looked at the Jamaat (Muslims) and saw that Hazrat Zubair bin Awwam (radi Allahu anhu) was not among them. He sent for him. When Hazrat Zubair (radi Allahu anhu) came he asked him, "Do you have anything against the unanimity of the Muslims?" Hazrat Zubair (radi Allahu anhu) said, "O the Khalifa of the Messenger! I have nothing against it," and he held out his hand in submission. The Khalifa looked around once again. When he did not see Hazrat Ali (radi Allahu anhu), he sent for him. When Hazrat Ali (radi Allahu anhu) came, he asked him, "Do you want to be opposed to the unanimity of the Muslims?" Hazrat Ali (radi Allahu anhu) too held out his hand in submission and said, "O the Khalifa of the Messenger! I am not opposed." Hazrat Zubair and Hazrat Ali (radi Allahu anhuma) apologised for being late to accept the Khalifa. They said, "We were sorry because we had not been informed of the caliphate election. We know very well that no one among us would be more rightful to the office of caliphate than Abu Bakr is. For he has been honoured with being (the Prophet's) companion in the cave. We are very well aware of his honour and his superiority. Rasullulah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) chose him among us to be the Imam to conduct the Namaaz."

    The great Imam, HAZRAT IMAM MUHAMMAD SHAFI'I (RADI ALLAHU ANHU) [150-204 (C.E.819)] states: "When Rasullulah (sallal laahui alaihi wasallam) passed away, the Ashaab-i-Kiraam considered and searched, and finally decided that no one on earth could be superior to Hazrat Abu Bakr (radi Allahu anhu). They unanimously made him the Khalifa. The Ashaab-i-Kiraam (radi Allahu anhum ajma'in) unanimously wanted to make one of the following (three) people the Khalifa: Hazrat Abu Bakr, Hazrat Ali and Hazrat Abbas (radi Allahu anhum ajma'in). Hazrat Ali and Hazrat Abbas (radi Allahu anhuma) said nothing against the caliphate of Hazrat Abu Bakr (radi Allahu anhu). They both accepted the caliphate of Hazrat Abu Bakr (radi Allahu anhu). Thus, Hazrat Abu Bakr (radi Allahu anhu) was unanimously elected as the Khalifa.

    "If Hazrat Abu Bakr (radi Allahu anhu) had not been the rightful Khalifa, Hazrat Ali and Hazrat Abbas (radi Allahu anhuma) would have opposed it and demanded their rights. As a matter of fact, (later) Hazrat Ali (radi Allahu anhu) did not accept the caliphate of Hazrat Mu'awiyya (radi Allahu anhu) because he did not consider it rightful. Although Hazrat Mu'awiyya's (radi Allahu anhu) army was greater than his, he insisted on his due. Many people lost their lives. On the other hand, it would have been much easier for him to oppose Hazrat Abu Bakr (radi Allahu anhu), and he would have been elected as the Khalifa. For that time was closer to the time of Rasullulah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) and people were more inclined to find out (and do) what was right.

    "Furthermore, Hazrat Abbas (radi Allahu anhu) offered Hazrat Ali (radi Allahu anhu) to be the Khalifa, yet he refused it. If he considered himself to be more rightful, he would have accepted it. Indeed, Hazrat Zubair (radi Allahu anhu) and all the sons of Hashim, with all their great fame and bravery, and many other Sahabis were with Hazrat Ali (radi Allahu anhu). This I'jma (unanimity) would suffice to prove the fact that Hazrat Abu Bakr (radi Allahu anhu) was the rightful Khalifa. The fact that there is not a single commandment or even an implication to contradict this, emphasizes the state of rightfulness. In fact, according to the majority of the scholars, the I'jma-i-ummat, that is the unanimity of the Ashaab, is more dependable than a commandment which is not mash-hur (narrated by all scholars unanimously). For something on which there was I'jma (unanimity of the Ashaab) is certainly true. A commandment which is not mash-hur, on the other hand, is supposed to be true.

    "We would like to add at this point that if there are implications or even commandments advising that Hazrat Abu Bakr (radi Allahu anhu) should be the (first) Khalifa, the profoundly learned Ulema of Tafsir and Hadith should have reported them. It is true that there are no such commandments according to the majority of the profound scholars of the Ahle Sunna. This same statement shows that others do not have the right, either. Hence, it becomes obvious that Hazrat Abu Bakr (radi Allahu anhu) became the Khalifa rightfully by the unanimous vote (of the Sahaba) and Hazrat Ali (radi Allahu anhu) cannot be said to have acted toward the situation, unwilling as he was. If the Sahaba-i-Kiraam had been the kind of people who would not have accepted the truth, then (the probability of Hazrat Ali's) having acted toward the situation might be considered. How could Hazrat Ali (radi Allahu anhu) ever be reproached with having abdicated a right in order to handle people honoured with the Hadith Shareef, 'The best of times is my time.'"
    Haiderium Qalandram Mastam
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    Hadrat Anas Radi ALLAH Taala Anhu reported that the Messenger of Allah Peace And Blessings Be Upon Him has said, “Everything has a heart, and the heart of the Qur’an is Yasin. Allah records anyone who recites Yasin as having recited the Qur’an ten times.”
    [Sunan Tirmidhi, Vol 2, Page 116 - Sunan Daarimi, Vol 2, Page 336]

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