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Thread: Hazrat Pir Meher Ali Shah and Hazrat Ghaus-e-Azam

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    Default Hazrat Pir Meher Ali Shah and Hazrat Ghaus-e-Azam

    Hazrat Syedna Pir Meher Ali Shah (Razi ALLAH Tala Anhu) had boundless love for Hazrat Ghaus-e-Azam (Razi ALLAH Tala Anhu). Hazrat (Razi ALLAH Tala Anhu) was a descendent, on his father’s side, of Hazrat Syedna Ghaus-e-Azam Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani (Razi ALLAH Tala Anhu) in the 25th generation. On the side of his mother, he descended from Hazrat Ghaus-e-Azam (Razi ALLAH Tala Anhu) in the 24th generation. Hazrat Pir Meher Ali Shah (Razi ALLAH Tala Anhu) was in bai'at with Hazrat's maternal uncle, Hazrat Fazl Din Shah (Razi ALLAH Tala Anhu) in the Qadriyah Silsila (spiritual school). Hazrat Syedna Pir Meher Ali Shah (Razi ALLAH Tala Anhu) was also one of the most illustrious of the latter’s spiritual beneficiaries especially in the Indo-Pak subcontinent.

    Hazrat Ghaus-e-Azam Abdul Qadir Jilani stands out as the great guide who imparted a new life to the Islamic faith. Syedna Ghaus-e-Azam (Razi ALLAH Tala Anhu) is universally accepted as the greatest of all Awlia- Allah ( friends of Allah ), and occupies the place of surpassing spiritual eminence that has not been vouchsafed to any other personality in the entire Islamic Ummah.


    He was born in 471 A.H (After Hijrah ), and passed away in 562 A.H at the age of 91. Hazrat Abdul Qadir Jilani is also known as Muhyuddin (Life Giver of the Din – Islam ). He himself described the brief background to this development as follows :

    “One Friday in 511 A.H, when I was returning bare footed to Baghdad from a journey, I came across an extremely weak and emaciated man who looked really ill. The man greeted me by name and requested me to help him get up. When I did so, his condition instantly underwent a dramatic change, and he started looking like a completely healthy person. Seeing my expression of surprise at the sudden transformation he explained that he was in fact a personification of the Din –Islam that was on the verge of Death but had been given a new life by me. He then called me by the title of “ Muhyuddin”. When I entered the premises of the Jamia mosque of Baghdad , an unknown person , seeing me bare footed , gave me his own shoes to wear and also addressed me by the title 'Muhyuddin'. At the end of the Friday prayers, the entire congregation rushed towards me , kissing my hands and calling me by the same title, even though no one had used this title for me ever before”.

    Historian and biographers of all shades of religious thought are agreed about the amazing frequency with which karamat (mini-miracles used to emanate from Hazrat Shaikh Abdul Qadir Gilani (Razi ALLAH Tala Anhu). Countless karamat of various descriptions are attributed to him. The most outstanding of these, however, and one which established him as indisputably the greatest of all Awlia-Allah, past or present, is the following pronouncement that he made while giving a preaching session one day in the guest-house of his Khankah (shrine).

    Translation: "This foot of mine is on the neck of every wali-Allah".

    Hearing this pronouncement, which signified the spiritual ascendancy of Hazrat Shaikh (Razi ALLAH Tala Anhu) over every other wali-Allah, most of the eminent mashaikh present at the time bowed their heads in deference to its truth. Other mashaikh, far or near, did the same to acknowledge the spiritual supremacy of the great Shaikh (Razi ALLAH Tala Anhu). Hazrat Khwaja Muinuddin Chishti (Razi ALLAH Tala Anhu) of Ajmer, the great saint who is credited with having pioneered the missionary activity that led to the spread of Islam in what was the India, and who was at that time engaged in spiritual contemplation hundreds of miles away in the hills of Khorasan (Iran), was one of those who heard this pronouncement of Hazrat Ghaus-e-Azam (Razi ALLAH Tala Anhu). He not only bowed his head to acknowledge its truth, but also added the words:

    Translation: "Your step be on my head and my eyes!"

    When this was reported to Hazrat Ghaus-e-Azam (Razi ALLAH Tala Anhu), he expressed happiness and predicted the Muinuddin would soon be blessed with the Wilayat (sainthood) of India - a prediction that was proved correct before long.

    On the other hand, when a wali-Allah of Isphahan named Shaikh Sanan hesitated to defer to the pronouncement, it reportedly resulted in the forfeiture of his sainthood, which was restored to him only at the intercession of one of the murids of Hazrat Ghaus-e-Azam (Razi ALLAH Tala Anhu).

    In acknowledgment of the supremely unique position of the great Shaikh Hazrat Abdul Qadir Jilani (Razi ALLAH Tala Anhu), many eminent Awlia-Allah have written poems, couplets and other forms of verse eulogizing his various various attributes and accomplishments. These included Hazrat Khwaja Muinuddin Chishti (Razi ALLAH Tala Anhu) of Ajmer, Khwaja Qutbuddin Bakhtiar (Razi ALLAH Tala Anhu) of Delhi, Shaikh Shahabuddin Umar Suharwardi (Razi ALLAH Tala Anhu) of Baghdad, Hazrat Bahauddin Zakaria (Razi ALLAH Tala Anhu) of Multan, Hazrat Makhdum Alauddin Sabir (Razi ALLAH Tala Anhu) of Kaliar Sharif (Saharanpur, India), Haji Imdad-ullah Muhajir of Makkah, and many others.

    An Incident of Qaseeda-e-Ghausia

    Hazrat (Razi ALLAH Tala Anhu) had intense love and reverence for Hazrat Ghaus-e-Azam (Razi ALLAH Tala Anhu) and called him his Pir (spiritual guide).

    During Hazrat Pir Meher Ali Shah’s (Razi ALLAH Tala Anhu) stay in Angah in a madressah, an amil (a person indulging in charms and incantations) came in the mosque. He was popular for his exploitations of the Qaseeda-e-Ghausia to good effect as a vehicle for his activities. This had earned him a modicum of esteem in the area, and people used to rise and kiss his hands as a mark of respect whenever he came to any assemblage. One day this man came to the mosque at Angah, and everyone rose to him as usual. Hazrat, however, remained seated. The amil was so annoyed by Hazrat’s behaviour that he threatened to recite the Qaseeda unless “ the boy” (Hazrat) stood up to greet him. Unmoved by this threat Hazrat said: “You read the Qaseeda and I shall call its author (i.e. Syedna Ghaus-e-Azam) himself. These words produced an inspiring effect on the amil, who immediately apologized to Hazrat.

    From the beginning Hazrat Syedna Pir Meher Ali Shah (Razi ALLAH Tala Anhu) had love for Hazrat Ghaus-e-Azam (Razi ALLAH Tala Anhu). This was also because Hazrat’s father Hazrat Nazr Din and Hazrat himself was a disciple of Hazrat Fazal Din in the Qadriyah Silsila. Hazrat wrote many poems in love of Hazrat Syedna Ghaus-e-Azam Abdul Qadir Jilani (Razi ALLAH Tala Anhu). A verse about this goes as :

    Translation: "For me de-anthropomorphism has become one with anthropomorphism, leading to the union( in my view ) of the Ultimate Truth ( i.e. Allah ) into one entity; All this (spiritual elevation) is due to the Grace of Hazrat Ghaus-e- Azam our patron and benefactor."

    Refusal to participate in the Delhi Darbar in the Coronation of Henry VIII

    Once, when Hazrat (Razi ALLAH Tala Anhu) was asked to attend the Royal Coronation of the King Henry VIII, in Delhi and Hazrat (Razi ALLAH Tala Anhu) was also invited to attend the Darbar and to offer a salaam and pray for the King. On Hazrat's (Razi ALLAH Tala Anhu) refusal to attend the Royal procession on the account that dervishes do not attend Kings' Darbars. The Government decided to take action against the refusal of Hazrat. Around this time a Muslim government official met Hazrat who had never met him before but was nevertheless his devotee at heart. He informed Hazrat that the Government had decided to deport Hazrat from the sub-continent. Hazrat smiled at this disclosure and said: "The Government which is planning to deport me does not seem to know what Providence plans to do with itself".

    Not long after this, the British Government got involved in a life-death struggle with Germany as a result of the World War I of 1914-1918, and the government file pertaining to Hazrat's proposed deportation had to be put in indefinite cold storage.
    Hadrat Anas Radi ALLAH Taala Anhu reported that the Messenger of Allah Peace And Blessings Be Upon Him has said, “Everything has a heart, and the heart of the Qur’an is Yasin. Allah records anyone who recites Yasin as having recited the Qur’an ten times.”
    [Sunan Tirmidhi, Vol 2, Page 116 - Sunan Daarimi, Vol 2, Page 336]

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    Default Love of Allah and the Holy Prophet Muhammad

    The love of Allah was inmate in Hazrat's temperament from the beginning.His general manner of conversation was so sweet and sincere as to inspire feelings of tenderness in others.

    Zikr-o-Fikr (remembrance and meditation) of Hazrat (Razi ALLAH Tala Anhu)

    Hazrat used to hold his sittings on a stone slab of the shape of a prayer mat, which was placed outside his hujrah (prayer cell) under the shade of trees. Hazrat often spent whole nights (including the long and exceedingly cold winter ones of this mountainous region) with only one blanket to cover him. He sat here completely motionless in single-minded contemplation until the break of dawn, when he rose to prepare for his morning prayers. The warmth of the love of Allah so permeated his body that even on the cold nights, he used to dip himself in the near-frozen water of the pond in the valley to soothe his nerves. Most often he used to perform the morning prayers with the ablutions of the preceding night's Isha prayers, thus keeping awake the whole night through.

    These prolonged vigils and constant sitting posture had in course of time the effect of benumbing Hazrat's legs and thighs, severely restricting his movements. The local physician prescribed massage and horse-riding during the afternoons in order to obtain relief. This eventually helped in getting over the distressing condition, with the result that an afternoon spell of riding became an integral part of Hazrat's daily schedule until quite late in life.

    Ishq-e-Rasool (love of Holy Prophet)

    Ishq-e-Rasool i.e. love of the Holy Prophet is a basic element of Awlia-Allah. Hazrat Pir Meher Ali Shah (Razi ALLAH Tala Anhu) was indeed a figure of Ishq-e-Rasool . If anyone came to seek prayers from Hazrat on acquiring any wazifa, Hazrat always advised to recite Darud Sharif, as it is the key to the love of Holy Prophet and to every problem.

    It was due to this love of Allah and love of the Holy Prophet that Hazrat Pir Meher Ali Shah was able to achieve higher states of Ma’rifat (a higher state in Sufism). Hazrat Sultan Bahu (Razi ALLAH Tala Anhu), a great Sufi poet of Qadriyah School says in this context:

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    During a journey from Makkah to Madina (eternal resting place of the Holy Prophet after the main Hajj ceremonies, an incident happened that can best be described in his own words reproduced below:

    “While passing through the Wadi-e-Hamra on the road to Madina Munawwara, it so happened that, because of the threat of an attack on our caravan by robbers (which used to be a common occurrence in those days), I happened, while offering my Isha prayers, to default in carrying out the Sunnats (the part of the prayers in emulation of the Prophet’s ritual practice). I went to sleep at one end of the caravan. Maulvi Muhammad Ghazi, who had left his teaching activities in the Madressah-e-Saulatiyah was accompanying me during this journey.

    During the sleep I saw in a dream that while I was sitting in a masjid in a praying posture, the Holy Prophet graced the place by his Holy presence, giving me new life with the sight of his perfect beauty. Coming near me, he remarked that a member of his progeny (such as myself) should not default in performance of his Sunnat. There upon I immediately caught hold of the silk soft shins of the Prophet in extreme humility, and started reciting the words: “Blessings and salutations be upon you, O Messenger of Allah”. Not fully sure at first that I was in fact in the presence of the Holy Prophet himself, I asked him about his identity three times. Instead of answering my question directly, however, he only repeated his earlier admonishing about defaulting about the performance of the Sunnat prayers. For this, as well as from the fact that he did not forbid me from addressing him in the second person as “O Messenger of Allah”, I inferred that my august addressee was indeed the Holy Prophet himself. Another indication about the identity of the personality facing me was the incomparable beauty of his face, indeed his whole person--- a beauty that neither tongue nor the pen adequately described, and could belong only to handsomest and the purest human being that had ever lived or will ever live again”.

    The sentiments generated by the dream are reflected to some extent in the Punjabi language Naat (Eulogy of the Holy Prophet ) that Hazrat composed during rest of the same journey between the valley of Hamra and Madina Munawwara. It is probably with reference to sentiments such as these that in his book Futuhat-us-Samadiyyah (Divine Revelations), Hazrat has written as follows: “One even now comes across persons belonging to the noble group on whom the Holy Prophet bestows his latent (spiritual) bounties, either on the departure at the end of this stay in Madina or at anytime during their stay there, the like of which no eye has ever seen and no ear heard of".

    The Punjabi Naat mentioned above, which Hazrat Razi ALLAH Tala Anhu composed as a sequel to his vision in the Hamra valley, had attained wide acclaim in Sufi circles, especially in the Punjabi knowing ones. It begins with the following words

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    "My yearning for the loved one has intensified today; why is my heart so very sad (today)?

    "Love has permeated every tissue of my body. Why are my eyes shedding a shower of tears (due to separation) ?"

    Its concluding verse, which has attained immortality and household character, runs as follows:

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    "Glorified be Allah, Who created thee (O Prophet ) in the most beautiful, the best, and the most perfect mold (in every respect)";

    "Who is (the humble) Meher Ali to chant thy praises; what heights have his impudent eyes ventured to reach?"

    A story goes that Allama Muhammad Iqbal, world renowned Muslim philosopher and poet of the east, heard one evening someone outside his residence in Lahore singing the above mentioned opening verse of the Naat. Touched by the melody as well as the meaning of the verse, Allama Sahib sent down his servant to bring up the stranger to him, and then asked the latter to sing the full Naat in his presence. When the singer recited the concluding verse (also reproduced above), which contains Hazrat’s name as author of the Naat, Allama Sahib realized why the Naat was so over powering in its emotional effects.
    Hadrat Anas Radi ALLAH Taala Anhu reported that the Messenger of Allah Peace And Blessings Be Upon Him has said, “Everything has a heart, and the heart of the Qur’an is Yasin. Allah records anyone who recites Yasin as having recited the Qur’an ten times.”
    [Sunan Tirmidhi, Vol 2, Page 116 - Sunan Daarimi, Vol 2, Page 336]

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