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Thread: Ruling on making up missed prayers

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    Default Ruling on making up missed prayers



    show details Mar 16 (2 days ago)




    In the name of Allah, the Most-Merciful, the All-Compassionate



    "May the Peace and Blessings of Allah be Upon You"



    Praise be to Allaah, we seek His help and His forgiveness. We seek refuge with Allaah from the evil of our own souls and from our bad deeds. Whomsoever Allaah guides will never be led astray, and whomsoever Allaah leaves astray, no one can guide. I bear witness that there is no god but Allaah, and I bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and Messenger.


    Bismillah Walhamdulillah Was Salaatu Was Salaam 'ala Rasulillah
    As-Salaam Alaikum Wa-Rahmatullahi Wa-Barakatuhu



    Ruling on making up missed prayers



    With regard to missing prayers, one of the following two scenarios must apply:



    1 – When you miss a prayer unintentionally, for a legitimate shari excuse, such as forgetting or sleeping, although you are basically very keen to perform the prayer on time.



    In this case you are excused but you have to make it up as soon as you remember it.



    The evidence for that is the hadeeth narrated in Saheeh Muslim (681) which tells how the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and his companions slept and missed Fajr prayer, and the Sahaabah began to ask one another,

    “What is the expiation (kafaarah) for what we have done by neglecting the prayer?”

    The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said. “Sleeping does not mean that you are neglecting the prayer. Rather neglecting the prayer means not praying one prayer until the time for the next prayer comes. Whoever does that let him pray when he remembers it.”





    This does not mean that a person should sleep deliberately when a prayer is due, until he misses it, then use sleep as an excuse, or neglect a means that would help him to do the prayer, and then take that as an excuse.



    Rather he must make use of all the means he can, as the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) did in this case, when he appointed one person to stay awake and wake them up to pray, but that person was overcome by drowsiness, so he did not wake them up. This is the case in which a person may be excused.





    2 – When you miss a prayer deliberately. This is a major sin, and it is so serious that some of the scholars stated that the one who does this is a kaafir. (as it says in Majmoo Fataawa wa Maqaalaat Samaahat al-Shaykh Ibn Baaz, 10/374).



    The one who does this has to repent sincerely, according to scholarly consensus.



    With regard to making up the prayer, there was a difference of opinion among the scholars as to whether or not it would be accepted from him if he makes it up afterwards.



    Most of the scholars said that he should make it up and that his prayer is valid, although he is a sinner (i.e., if he does not repent – and Allaah knows best), as Shaykh Ibn Uthyameen quoted from them in al-Sharh al-Mumti, 2/89.





    The view favoured by Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah (may Allaah have mercy on him) is that it is not valid, and that it is not prescribed for him to make it up.



    He said in al-Ikhtiyaaraat (34): “It is not prescribed for the one who misses a prayer deliberately to make it up, and the prayer, if he makes it up, is not valid; rather he should do a lot of voluntary (naafil) prayers. This is the view of a group among the Salaf.”



    One of the contemporary scholars who regarded this view as more correct is Shaykh Ibn Uthaymeen (may Allaah have mercy on him); he quoted as evidence for that the words of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), “Whoever does an action that is not in accordance with this matter of ours (i.e., Islam), will have it rejected.” (Agreed upon).





    So you must beware of this and strive to perform all the prayers on time, as Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

    “Verily, As‑Salaah (the prayer) is enjoined on the believers at fixed hours” [al-Nisa’ 4:103]


    What to do when one misses a prayer



    Anas ibn Maalik said: “The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: ‘If one of you sleeps and misses a prayer, or forgets it, then let him pray it as soon as he remembers, because Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): ‘… and perform al-salaah for My remembrance.’
    [Ta-Ha 20:14]” (Reported by Muslim, 1104).

    Abu Hurayrah reported that the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Whoever forgets the prayer, let him pray as soon as he remembers, because Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): ‘… and perform al-salaah for My remembrance.’ [Ta-Ha 20:14]” (Reported by Muslim, 1097).

    Anas ibn Maalik reported that the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Whoever forgets a prayer, let him pray it as soon as he remembers, for there is no expiation for it except this.” (Reported by Muslim, 1102).




    Should he pray the present prayer or the prayer he missed?





    The Muslim should maintain the habit of praying regularly on time, for Allaah praises the believers who, as He says (interpretation of the meaning):

    “And those who guard their Salaah (prayers) well” [al-Ma’aarij 70:34]

    If a person has an excuse and he missed a prayer, then he has to make it up, because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Whoever forgets a prayer or sleeps and misses it, the expiation for this sin is to pray it when he remembers it.” (Narrated by Muslim, al-Masaajid wa Mawaadi’ al-Salaah, 1103)

    If you miss a prayer, then you have to pray that prayer first, then pray the current prayer; it is not permissible to delay (making up the missed prayer). It is commonly thought among the people that if a man misses a fard prayer, he should make it up with the corresponding fard prayer of the next day, so that if, for example, he missed Fajr on one day he can only pray it with Fajr on the second day.

    This is wrong, and it goes against the teaching of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), in both his words and deeds.

    It was narrated that he said: “Whoever forgets a prayer or sleeps and misses it, then let him pray it when he remembers it.” He did not say, let him pray it on the following day when the time for that prayer comes, rather he said, “let him pray it when he remembers it.”




    With regard to his actions, when he missed a prayer on one of the days of the campaign of al-Khandaq, he prayed it before the current prayer, which indicates that one has to pray the missed prayer and then pray the current prayer.

    But if he forgets and prays the current prayer before the missed prayer, or he was ignorant and did not know (of the ruling), then he prayer is valid because he has an excuse.

    (See Fataawa al-Shaykh Ibn Uthaymeen, vol. 12, p. 222)

    The hadeeth about the prayer on the day of al-Khandaq was narrated by al-Nasaai from Abd al-Rahmaan ibn Abi Saeed from his father, who said:

    “The mushrikeen kept us busy on the day of al-Khandaq and distracted us from praying Zuhr until the sun set. Then the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) commanded Bilaal to call the iqaamah for Zuhr prayer, and he prayed it, then he called the iqaamah for Asr and he prayed it, then he called the adhaan for Maghrib then he prayed it as he usually prayed it, on time.” (al-Adhaan, 655; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Nasaa’i, no. 638)

    The action of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) indicates that it is obligatory to pray the missed prayers in the right order. But if there is only enough time left to pray the current prayer, then he should pray the current prayer, then pray the ones that came before it.



    In what order missed prayers should be made up



    It is obligatory to make up missed prayers in the proper order, according to the majority of scholars.

    Ibn Qudaamah said (al-Mughni, 1/352): In conclusion, it is essential to offer missed prayers in order.



    This was stated by Ahmad in several places… and a similar view was narrated from al-Nakhai, al-Zuhri, Rabeeah, Yahya al-Ansaari, Maalik, al-Layth, Abu Haneefah and Ishaaq.



    Al-Shaafa’i said: It is not essential, because one is making up an obligatory prayer that has been missed, so it is not essential to offer them in order, as with fasting… Once this is established, then it is essential to offer them in order even if they are many. This was stated by Ahmad.



    Maalik and Abu Haneefah said that they do not have to be offered in order if there are more than a day and a night of prayers, because doing that with regard to more than that period would be too difficult. So the obligation is waived, just like making up missed Ramadaan fasts in sequence.

    End quote from al-Mughni, 1/352.





    From this it may be understood that offering missed prayers should be done in sequence according to the majority of Hanafis, Maalikis and Hanbalis, except that the Hanafis and Maalikis do not say it is obligatory if the prayers of more than one day and one night have been missed.





    The way in which the missed prayers are made up in order is to do the missed prayers in the same order as the prescribed prayers.



    So whoever misses Zuhr and Asr, for example, should pray Zuhr first, then Asr.





    But the obligation to do them in order is waived in the case of one who forgets or was ignorant, or if there is the fear that the time for the current prayer will end soon, or if one fears missing out on a prayer in congregation – according to the more correct view.





    If a person owes two prayers, Zuhr and Asr for example, and starts with Asr by mistake or because he is unaware that the missed prayers should be offered in order, his prayer is valid.





    If he fears that if he starts with the prayers he missed the time for Asr prayer will end, then he should pray Asr first, then pray whatever prayers he owes.





    Similarly if he enters the mosque, should he offer the current prayer with the congregation or make up what he has missed first?



    Ahmad, according to one report which was also favoured by Shaykh al-Islam, was of the view that he does not have to offer the prayers in sequence if he fears that he will miss out on praying with the congregation.





    But in this case he should join the congregation with the intention of offering the missed prayer. So if a person has missed Zuhr and he comes to the mosque and they are praying Asr, he can pray with the congregation with the intention of praying Zuhr, and it does not matter if his intention is different from that of the imam. Then he can pray Asr after that.

    See al-Sharh al-Mumti’, 2/138-144.










    Missed asr prayer and maghrib started in masjid


    Sheikh al-Islam Ibn Taimiyya (may the mercy of Allah be upon him) said that he should pray maghrib with the imam (prayer leader), then pray asr afterwards, as agreed upon by all leading scholars. The question of does he repeat maghrib has two scholarly opinions: the first is that he repeats.

    This is the saying of Ibn Omar, Malik, Abi Hanifa and Ahmad in what is most well-known about this issue. The second opinion is that he does not repeat.

    This is the saying of Ibn Abbas, the Shafiei madhab, and the second opinion of Ahmads school of thought.


    The latter is more correct, for Allah did not make it obligatory on the person to pray a salaat twice if he has feared Allah as much as he can (wallahu alam [and Allah knows best]).1

    From the book What Should You Do in the Following Situations... ?
    1 Majmooa Fatawi Ibn Taimiyya 22/106
    plz pray for me and give back repply and i wait your reputations.
    JAZAQALLAH

    Our Lord! grant us good in this world

    and good in the hereafter,
    and save us from the chastisement of the fire



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    ThnX 4r d post Bhai.....
    It has solve lots of confusions from my mind...
    Jub Dam-e-wapasi ho Ya-Allah
    Samne ho Jalwa-e-Mustafa
    Lub pe Ho
    LA ILAHA ILLALLAH MUHAMMEDOUR RASOOLULLAH

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    Regular Members AHB's Avatar
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    barakallah

    Our Lord! grant us good in this world

    and good in the hereafter,
    and save us from the chastisement of the fire



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Sharh al-Mumti’ 2138-144

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