Sketch On Life Of Muhammad Ibn Abd al Wahab
Muhammad Ibn Abd al Wahab, founder of Wahhabism was born in 1703, Son of judge in Uyaynah a village in Arab region of Najd. ( i.e. Riyadh The current capital of Saudia Arabia. Riyadh)
Muhammad Ibn Abd al Wahab is said to have shown extremist religious tendencies in his youth, Both his father and his brother Suleyman, who were Islamic scholars, warned others against him and Suleyman even wrote a book in opposition to him with the piquant title Divine Thunderbolts.
During his vagabond days Muhammad Ibn Abd al Wahab came in contact with certain Englishmen who encouraged him to personal ambition as well as to a critical attitude about Islam.
Soon the itinerant Arab and the Imperial British shared a goal. The liquidation of Ottoman Empire.
Ibn Abd al Wahab’s, teaching came down to three points
1. Rituals are superior to intentions.
2. No reverence of the dead is permitted
3. There can be no intercessory prayer, addressed to God by means of Prophets and saints.
This latter percept was borrowed directly from Ibn Taymiyyah, Prayer to God by means of pious person or even honour to any individual other than God were condemned as idolatry despite their acceptance by all the previous generation of Muslims and the Beloved Prophet Himself.
The supplementary prayer after the standard practice of worship was restricted. He demanded that the Muslim profession of faith be made s second time, as an adherent to his Wahhabi sect.
Long established Muslim practices were assailed by Ibn Abd al Wahab, including praying in favour of Prophet Mohammed (Sallal Laho Alaihi Wassallam) and the recitation of blessing (Salaam) on the Prophet at the beginning of Friday congregational prayers.
Ibn Abd al Wahab also condemned the habit of those making Hajj in Makkah to visit Prophet’s Tomb in Medina. He particularly hated celebration of the prophet’s birthday of Milad Un Nabi. He would not permit the name of Prophet Mohammed (Sallal Laho Alaihi Wassallam) to be inscribed in the Masjid.
Wahhabis explain their hatred of traditional praise for the prophet by comparing it to the Christian worship of Jesus. In Islamic parlance, Christian belief in the divinity of Jesus means adding partners to God.
Anti-Wahhabi polemics points out that the Muslim professions of faith, as well as call to prayer include two parts. “I affirm that there is no God but Allah; & I affirm Muhammad
(Sallal Laho Alaihi Wassallam) is the prophet of God.” Thus one cannot be a Muslim without recognizing and honoring the Prophet.
Ibn Abd al Wahab’s doctrine explicitly downgraded the status of Prophet Mohammed
(Sallal Laho Alaihi Wassallam). Yet he claimed to live a life so close to the exemplary Sirah of Prophet Muhammad (Sallal Laho Alaihi Wassallam) that he could stand as a peer to the prophet himself. He saw himself as an equal and even surpassing the prophet.
For Ibn Abd Al Wahab’s radical interpretation of Islam to gain follower the Prophet personality and especially his dedication to compassion and mercy had to be amputated from the body of Muslim doctrine. He was immediately repudiated by scholars who found his theses in conflict both with Quran and with the four schools (Hanafi
Shaafi, Hanbali, Maliki). His brother Suleyman accused him of trying to add a “sixth pillar” to Islam: the infallibility of Ibn Abd Al Wahab.
He in turn preached abandonment of the four traditions (though his followers claim to be from Hanbali school) .Ibn Abd Al Wahab denounced his opponent and all Muslims unwilling to accept his views as idolaters and apostates, and abused all prophets, scholars, saint and other pious figures of the past.
He made no secret of his opinion that all Muslims have fallen into unbelief and that if they did not follow his belief, they should all be killed their wives and daughter violated and their possession confiscated. Shia’s and Sufi’s and other Muslims he judge unorthodox were to be exterminated and all the other faith were to be humiliated or destroyed. With this doctrine the basis had been laid for two and a half centuries of Islamic fundamentalism and ultimately terrorism in response to global change.
In his predictions of future which were many Prophet Mohammed never once forecast that the Muslims would fall back into polytheism as wahabis have strenuously accused them of doing since 18th century.
The prophet believed that “at the head of every century Allah would send someone to revive the faith” as opposed to reforming it. Soon Ibn Abd Al Wahab ordered that the grave of the Muslim saints be dug up and scattered, or turned into toilets.
The innovations proposed by Ibn Abd Al Wahab seems bizarre and repulsive to traditional Muslims who have often sought the intermediation of the Prophets, Saints, living & dead , have visited tombs, and have celebrated the Prophet’s Birthday for generations upon generations.
This bleak creed was fit for the nothingness of Ibn Abd Al Wahab’s birthplace in Najad, a part of Arabia the Prophet himself did not favour. There is a Hadith (saying of Prophet)
That says “The prophet was praying aloud and asking “Oh Allah gives us blessings in our Syria, Oh Allah gives us blessings in our Yemen” Someone called out ,”And in our Najd?” But the prophet ignored him. The prophet repeated his request for blessings upon Syria and Yemen, and again the onlooker shouted,” And in our Najd?”. Finally the prophet replied “From that place will come only earthquakes, conflicts and the horn of Satan”.