To make a Namaz Qaza without genuine Shariat reason is a big sin and to pray the Namaz is Farz and is necessary to perform repentance with sincerity. By the use of repentance or having the Hajj accepted will eradicate the sin for delaying the Namaz [Durr-e-Mukhtar].
- Rule: Repentance is only correct when the Qaza is prayed and if you perform repentance but continue not to pray the Qaza or continue committing the sin then this is not repentance [Radd-ul-Mohtar]. It is quoted in the Hadith that a person who performs Tauba (repentance) but continues performing that sin then he has not performed repentance but is playing a joke with Allah.
Description of Qaza
- Rule: Whatever a servant has been ordered, then to perform that act on time is known as Ada, and if the time passes then it is known as Qaza.
- Rule: If you perform Tahrima within the time then the Namaz is not Qaza but it is Ada, however, the exception to this rule is for the Namaz of Fajr, Ju'ma or Eid Namaz whereby the final salaam has to be performed before the time has ended [Durr-e-Mukhtar, Bahar].
- Rule: If a Namaz becomes Qaza due to sleeping or by forgetting then to pray the Qaza is Farz but the sin for Qaza does not apply, however once awake or remembering and as long as the time is not Makrooh then you must pray it immediately and to deiay will be a Makrooh [Alamgiri].
- Rule: The Qaza of Farz Namaz is Farz, the Qaza of Wajib is Wajib and the Qaza of Sunnat is Sunnat for those Sunnats that carry a Qaza such as the Sunnats of Fajr when the Farz has also been missed and the first Sunnats of Zohr when the Farz has been prayed and the time of Zohr has not finished [Alamgiri, Durr-e-Mukhtar, Radd-ul-Mohtar].
Time of Qaza
- Rule: There is no fixed time for praying Qaza as whenever it is prayed the duty will be fulfilled except for sunrise, just before sunset and exact midday, as no Namaz is allowed during these times [Alamgiri].
- Rule: Whichever Namaz has been missed has to be prayed like that, for example, if a four Rakat Namaz has been missed whilst on a journey then only two Rakats will be prayed when praying it's Qaza even if you are praying it back at home and if a four Rakat Namaz was made Qaza at home then if you pray it on a journey you will still have to pray four Rakats. If there is a problem when praying Qaza then you are allowed to accommodate for that meaning, if when the Namaz was made Qaza you were allowed to stand and pray and now you are unable to stand and pray and therefore have to sit and pray the Namaz then you are allowed to do this and when you get better there is no need to repeat this Qaza [Alamgiri].
Which Qaza Namaz is forgiven
- Rule:If a person is so ill that they cannot pray Namaz even by actions and if this situation remains for six Namaz then the Qaza Namaz is not Wajib [Alamgiri].
- Rule: If a mental person has missed Namaz during his illness and it has been for a period of more than six Namaz continuously then there is no need to perform Qaza [Alamgiri].
- Rule: If there is enough time to pray both Qaza and Ada in short then you can do this and if by expanding the praying then there is not enough time to pray both Namaz then the routine (Tarteeb) is still Farz and if by missing all allowed things but not Wajibs or Farz in Namaz you can pray both, then this should be done if possible [Alamgiri].
ROUTINE IS NECESSARY IN QAZA NAMAZ
- Rule: For a Sahib-e-Tarteeb, meaning for those who have less than six Namaz in total of Qaza to pray, then when remembering and there being enough time to pray the Qaza, he prays his Ada instead then this Namaz will not count. This means he will still have to pray the Ada Namaz again. If he continued praying the Ada Namaz and missed the Qaza until he has prayed the sixth Namaz and then all the Namaz will be correct as he will no longer be Sahib-e-Tarteeb any more and if in between he prays one Qaza, then all the Ada will not count.
- Rule: Tarteeb meaning routine is necessary for the missed Namaz and the Ada Namaz as long as there are less than six missed Namaz and hence first the Qaza should be prayed then the Ada. For example if today someone's Fajr, Zohr, Asr and Maghrib became Qaza then he cannot pray the Isha Namaz until he has prayed the Qaza for the four Namaz in sequence first.
- Rule: If there isn't enough time to pray the Ada and all the Qaza Namaz then pray as many Qaza and the Ada as possible and for the rest, Tarteeb can be missed, for example, if both the Farz of Isha and Witr became Qaza and in Fajr you only had time to pray five Rakats then you pray three Rakats of Witr and two of Fajr, and if you only had time for six Rakats then pray the Qaza of Farz Isha and pray two Rakats Farz of Fajr [Shareh Wiqaya].
- Rule: If six Namaz became Qaza and as soon as the time for the sixth is finished there is no longer a need for Tarteeb and now regardless of remembering and having time if you pray the Ada Namaz it will count. Whether the Qaza have occurred all in one go meaning six Namaz together or by six in a few days, for example, your Fajr became Qaza for six days and you continued praying Ada and totally forgot about the Qaza then the same rule applies and you are no longer a Sahib-e-Tarteeb [Radd-ul-Mohtar].
- Rule: As soon as six Namaz became Qaza and the time for the sixth Namaz has gone then Tarteeb is no longer Farz anymore, whether all the missed Namaz are old or some are recent and some are old , meaning if you missed a month's Namaz and then started praying again and again missed a couple you are still no longer a Sahib-e-Tarteeb as you have more than six Qaza in total to pray [Radd-ul-Mohtar].
- Rule: When due to having more than six Qaza the Tarteeb is no longer necessary then if some of the Qaza is prayed and there are less than six Qaza remaining in total then you will still no longer be Sahib-e-Tarteeb until all the Qaza is prayed, and when this is the case you will become Sahib-e-Tarteeb again [Shareh Wafaya, Alamgiri, Durr-e-Mukhtar, Radd-ul-Mohtar].
- Rule: Just as six or more Qaza Namaz clears the necessity for routine for the Ada and Qaza Namaz, there is also no need for routine for the Qaza Namaz, meaning that the remanding Qaza can be prayed in whichever sequence deemed suitable, for example, if someone missed a full month's Namaz and then he prayed them first the thirty Farz of Fajr then the thirty Namaz of Zohr etc. and this would also be acceptable and the Namaz will count [Alamgiri]. Whoever has the responsibility of praying Qaza Namaz although it is necessary for them to be prayed as soon as possible they can be delayed due to responsibilities towards the family, or work etc. and whenever he gains some free time he should pray the Qaza until they are all complete [Durr-e-Mukhtar].
- Rule: Qaza Namaz is more important than the Nafl Namaz and therefore when you pray the Nafl instead you should pray any Qaza you may have left, however, do not replace the Tarawih or the twelve Sunnat-e-Maukidah (in the day).
- Rule: For those who have the responsibility of many years Qaza and they cannot remember exactly how many then they should make the intention that "I am praying the first Qaza of Fajr or Zohr or Asr, that is due from me" and complete all the Qaza like this until they are certain that they have none left to perform.
Hadrat Anas Radi ALLAH Taala Anhu reported that the Messenger of Allah Peace And Blessings Be Upon Him has said, “Everything has a heart, and the heart of the Qur’an is Yasin. Allah records anyone who recites Yasin as having recited the Qur’an ten times.”
[Sunan Tirmidhi, Vol 2, Page 116 - Sunan Daarimi, Vol 2, Page 336]