[55] Surah Ar-Rahman [The Most Gracious]-image002-jpg

[55] Surah Ar-Rahman [The Most Gracious]

Ayat 7. And the heaven He has raised high, and He has set up the Balance.

Ayat 8. In order that you may not transgress (due) balance.

Ayat 9. And observe the weight with equity and do not make the balance deficient.

Tafseer of Surah Ar-Rahman Ayat 7 to 9. And the Firmament has He raised high, and He has set up the Balance (of Justice), The "balance of justice" in this verse is connected with "the Balance" in the next two verses, that men may act justly to each other and observe due balance in all their actions, following the golden mean and not transgressing due bounds in anything. But the Balance is also connected figuratively with the heavens above in three symbols: (1) Justice is a heavenly virtue; (2) the heavens themselves are sustained by mathematical balance; and (3) the constellation Libra (the Balance) is entered by the sun at the middle of the zodiacal year. 8. In order that ye may not transgress (due) balance. 9. So establish weight with justice and fall not short in the balance. To be taken both literally and figuratively. A man should be honest and straight in every daily matter, such as weighing out things which he is selling: and he should be straight, just and honest, in all the highest dealings, not only with other people, but with himself and in his obedience to Allah's Law. Not many do either the one or the other when they have an opportunity of deceit. Justice is the central virtue, and the avoidance of both excess and defect in conduct keeps the human world balanced just as the heavenly world is kept balanced by mathematical order.